Betamax and vhs are associated with what

betamax and vhs are associated with what

The Betamax vs VHS Format War

Sep 12,  · The battle between VHS and Betamax started in the late s and stretched well into the 80s. As video players became more affordable, the . Apr 01,  · Betamax may have been the better technology choice, but VHS achieved the widest adoption with over 40 companies manufacturing VHS equipment v. only12 for Betamax. And that is the inflection point one must consider and look at when new technologies hit the market, merit v. adoption.

But there was no single reason why VHS beat Whag. It was an accumulation of things that led to VHS winning. Betamax was first on the market, and it had better image quality and generally better build quality. But VHS cost less and the tapes gave a longer run time, so in the end VHS won because it achieved critical mass among early adopters first. My dad loved science and technology, and even though he had little interest in using a computer himself, he encouraged me to learn as much about them as I could.

Ad he tended to be in the second wave. Not on the bleeding edge, but still an early adopter. And like me, he tended to look at the options and pick the best technology. You see, Dad was the first on the block to buy a VCR. Even the guy across the street from us who built a solar house in got his first VCR after Dad did.

I finally asscoiated why your technology can be first and best and still lose. Beta hit the market in the United States a good 21 months before VHS, and it had a quality advantage too. It had better sound reproduction and about five percent more resolution. Was the quality lost on the televisions of the era?

People still argue about that. I think it depended withh the TV you had. But the quality went beyond the picture and the sound. The mechanism was smoother and the action on the buttons was usually better. But that was also part of the problem. Did anyone care about that part of the assoviated This gave it an immediate price advantage, and by attracting multiple manufacturers who could take their own approaches, chances were they could find other ways to drive the cost even lower.

But VHS had one more advantage: longer recording vys. A football game is about 3 hours and 15 minutes long, and bya Beta VCR could record 5 hours on a tape. But a VHS recorder could record 8 hours by then. Sony did realize they were losing, but for a time, at least they were making tons of money asociated they were doing it. If aith just wanted to record TV so you could watch assocated later, either one could do the job. Betamax was higher quality when it came to recording.

But not in terms of reliability. And in the s, electronics would break occasionally, and rather than replacing them, we did indeed fix them. Neither option gave you everything. That may have slowed mass adoption. In the end, VHS won, and it won very decisively. But that tipping point took some time to reach.

I think the deciding factor was when VCRs lived up to their potential brtamax a disruptive technology. Movie studios hated the VCR at first because they avril lavigne what the hell shirt people would use it to copy movies. And people did. A lot. But VCRs also created a new industry and revenue stream. The market for old movies betamad. Studios could put movies on tape after their theater run ended, and people would buy them.

Sometimes movies ended up being more profitable on tape than in the theater. At first studios supported both formats, but over time they shifted over to the majority format, and that kicked associafed momentum in that direction. One key lesson of the VCR is that markets tend to favor products that provide good-enough quality at a lower price. If you can get into a market with that kind of product early enough, that negates any associates of being first.

VHS hit the market in the United States bywhich was plenty early enough to catch up. Why not? The theory of diffusion of innovation ad VCR adoption perfectly.

VHS vs Betamax falls right in line with it. Consumers neatly divide themselves into five groups: Pioneers, ajd adopters, the early majority, the late majority, and laggards. While they only make up 2. Getting a substantial majority of pioneers and early adopters is the hard part. But then they sell the technology to the early majority. On the other end is the laggards.

They probably bought their VCRs late too. For a technology to catch on, it needs the innovators and early adopters to evangelize it to betamad. My next-door neighbor will ask me about something before he goes to the big-box store, because he trusts my opinion more than he trusts a commissioned salesperson.

A product has to hit somewhere between percent market penetration in order to catch on. Now at that point, that was still a tiny part of the curve above, which represents the entire consumer market.

But VHS continued to pick up momentum due to its lower price, longer associateed time, and cheaper tapes. VHS beat Betamax because at this point it offered better value, even if not every retailer gave it the price advantage. VHS tapes were still cheaper to buy, and even cheaper if you measured the price whatt the hour rather than by the tape. And bymost movie studios were only releasing movies in VHS format, not Beta. If you wanted to take part in the quintessentially 80s weekend ritual of heading to the video store to rent a couple of movies to watch, you had to have VHS.

By1 in 7 households owned a VCR. Inabout betamas million units sold. If mirroredVHS would hit percent market how to clean betta fish water that year.

Nearly 12 million sold in And then the dominoes started falling. Millions of people did, and as late asSony was selling them as quickly as it could make them. It hit 18 percent market penetration first, and the game was over. It ended quickly. BeetamaxVHS outsold Beta 9 to 1.

The gap continued widening, even though Sony stubbornly kept making Beta tapes clear up to But inI think Sears was using it to try to stay out of a price war. Sony kept making Beta tapes for the same reason that people still make buggy whips; the market for a dying technology may be limited but you can still make assocjated at it if you shat the last remaining maker.

Another reason was that Sony also made professional Beta formats, and the users of that equipment would have revolted from Sony products if they stopped making tapes for those. The actual tape inside a Betacam or DIgital Betacam cassette was not identical, but there was enough commonality between the designs that they could be made on the same equipment.

The more costly pro tapes helped betamax and vhs are associated with what the bills to keep the manufacturing line running. Pingback: 9 things that have become obsolete in the past 20 years — FTNewswire.

The curse of the early adopter VHS held the early price advantage but longer recording times and availability of movies to rent gave it momentum even after it lost the price advantage. The cheap, good-enough advantage of VHS over Betamax One key lesson of the VCR is that markets tend witb favor products that provide good-enough quality at a lower price.

How markets grow The theory of diffusion of innovation betamax and vhs are associated with what VCR adoption perfectly. Diffusion of ae states that what to eat when you have cancer have to attract percent market share in order to catch on and dominate. Vetamax relented and bought a VHS inif I remember right. What about Sears? If you liked this post, please share it!

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May 01,  · The Betamax vs VHS Format War. Sony's Betamax video standard was introduced in , followed a year later by JVC's VHS. For around a decade the two standards battled for dominance, with VHS eventually emerging as the winner. The victory was not due to any technical superiority (Betamax is arguably a better format), but to several factors. May 05,  · In , Sony officially conceded defeat by beginning to make VHS players, generally keeping Betamax players only for use in video camera recording. Even though Betamax was no longer the industry standard and became a rarity, Sony didn’t officially stop making Betamax players until Oct 09,  · It’s longer VHS tape length (and cheaper price of VHS enabled machines) trumped the superior recording quality of Betamax in the hearts and minds of consumers. More people started buying VHS enabled VCR players and this is where the other consumer value proposition (CVP-1) and associated network effects start to kick in.

Betamax also known as Beta , as in it's logo is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video , commonly known as a video cassette recorder. It was developed by Sony and was released in Japan on May 10, The cassettes contain 0. Betamax is obsolete, having lost the videotape format war [2] to VHS. Despite this, Betamax recorders were not discontinued until August Betamax cassettes were available until March , when Sony stopped making and selling them, alongside MicroMV.

The suffix -max , from the word "maximum", was added to suggest greatness. This VCR had two recording speeds: normal, and the newer half speed. This provided two hours' recording on the L Beta videocassette. Sanyo marketed a version as Betacord , which also was casually called "Beta". One other major consequence of the Betamax technology's introduction to the U.

Universal City Studios , the "Betamax case" , with the U. Supreme Court determining home videotaping to be legal in the United States, wherein home videotape cassette recorders were a legal technology since they had substantial noninfringing uses.

This precedent was later invoked in MGM v. Grokster , where the high court agreed that the same "substantial noninfringing uses" standard applies to authors and vendors of peer-to-peer file sharing software notably excepting those who "actively induce" copyright infringement through "purposeful, culpable expression and conduct".

For the professional and broadcast video industry, Sony derived Betacam from Betamax. Released in , Betacam became the most widely used videotape format in ENG electronic news gathering , replacing the. Betacam and Betamax are similar in some ways: they use the same video cassette shape, use the same oxide tape formulation with the same coercivity , and record linear audio tracks in the same location of the tape.

But in the key area of video recording, Betacam and Betamax are completely different. For details, see the Betacam article. Sony also offered a range of industrial Betamax products, a Beta I-only format for industrial and institutional users.

These were aimed at the same market as U-Matic equipment, but were cheaper and smaller. The arrival of Betacam reduced the demand for both industrial Beta and U-Matic equipment. Many recording engineers used this system in the s and s to make their first digital master recordings. Initially, Sony was able to tout several Betamax-only features, such as BetaScan—a high speed picture search in either direction—and BetaSkipScan, a technique that allowed the operator to see where he was on the tape by pressing the FF key or REW, if in that mode : the transport would switch into the BetaScan mode until the key was released.

This feature is discussed in more detail on Peep Search. Sony believed that the M-Load transports used by VHS machines made copying these trick modes impossible. BetaScan was originally called "Videola" until the company that made the Moviola threatened legal action.

Sony would also sell a BetaPak, a small deck designed to be used with a camera. Betamovie used the standard-size cassette, but with a modified transport. For playback, the tape would be inserted into a Beta-format deck. Due to the different geometry and writing techniques employed, playback within the camcorder was not feasible.

SuperBeta and industrial Betamovie camcorders would also be sold by Sony. Each head had a specific pair of carriers; in total, four individual channels were employed. Head A recorded its hi-fi carriers at 1. The result was audio with an 80 dB dynamic range, with less than 0.

All Beta machines incorporated this change, plus the ability to hunt for a lower frequency pre-AFM Y carrier. Sony incorporated an "antihunt" circuit, to stop the machine hunting for a Y carrier that wasn't there.

These Betamax decks looked like a regular Betamax model, except for a special pin connector on the rear. They also had a small "fine tracking" control on the rear panel for difficult tapes.

For PAL , however, the bandwidth between the chroma and luminance carriers was not sufficient to allow additional FM carriers, so depth multiplexing was employed, wherein the audio track would be recorded in the same way that the video track was.

The lower-frequency audio track was written first by a dedicated head, and the video track recorded on top by the video head. The head disk had an extra pair of audio-only heads with a different azimuth, positioned slightly ahead of the regular video heads, for this purpose.

Despite initial praise as providing "CD sound quality", both Beta Hi-Fi and VHS HiFi suffered from "carrier buzz", where high-frequency information bled into the audio carriers, creating momentary "buzzing" and other audio flaws.

Both systems also used companding noise-reduction systems, which could create "pumping" artifacts under some conditions. Both formats also suffered from interchange problems, where tapes made on one machine did not always play back well on other machines. When this happened and if the artifacts became too distracting, users were forced to revert to the old linear soundtrack.

This improved the bandwidth available to the Y sideband and increased the horizontal resolution from to lines on a regular-grade Betamax cassette. Since over-the-antenna and cable signals were only — lines resolution, SuperBeta could make a nearly identical copy of live television. However, the chroma resolution still remained relatively poor, limited to just under 0. Later, some models would feature further improvement, in the form of Beta-Is, a high band version of the Beta-I recording mode.

There were some incompatibilities between the older Beta decks and SuperBeta, but most could play back a high band tape without major problems. SuperBeta decks had a switch to disable the SuperBeta mode for compatibility purposes. SuperBeta was only marginally supported outside of Sony, as many licensees had already discontinued their Betamax line. ED-Beta also featured a luminance carrier deviation of 2. Sony introduced two ED decks and a camcorder in the late s.

The top end EDV EDV in Canada deck was a very capable editing deck, rivaling much more expensive U-Matic set-ups for its accuracy and features, but did not have commercial success due to lack of timecode and other pro features. Sony did market ED-Beta to "semiprofessional" users, or " prosumers ".

Despite the sharp decline in sales of Betamax recorders in the late s and subsequent halt in production of new recorders by Sony in , Betamax, SuperBetamax and ED-Beta are still being used by a small number of people.

Even though Sony stopped making new cassettes in , new old stocks of Betamax cassettes are still available for purchase at online shops and used recorders as well as cassettes are often found at flea markets , thrift stores or on Internet auction sites. Early format Betacam cassettes—which are physically based on the Betamax cassette—continue to be available for use in the professional media. It is still used by few broadcasters, as it was succeeded by Betacam SP, its digital modifications and more recently by tapeless recording.

The heads on the drum of a Betamax VCR move across the tape at a writing speed of 5. The tape moves at 1. Below is a list of modern, digital-style resolutions and traditional analog "TV lines per picture height" measurements for various media. The list only includes popular formats. Note that listed resolution applies to luminance only, with chroma resolution usually halved in each dimension for digital formats, and significantly lower for analog formats. The somewhat unintuitive analog resolution loss for DVD compared to DVD arises from the fact that analog resolution unit is "lines per picture height".

When picture height is kept the same, the same pixels are spread to a wider area in , hence lower horizontal resolution per picture height. Other unusual lengths were produced from time to time, such as L These units included a portable VCR, which the videographer would carry by a shoulder strap, and a separate camera, which was connected to the VCR by a special cable. At this point, Beta had several advantages over VHS systems. The smaller Beta cassette made for smaller and lighter VCRs.

However, consumers wanted a one-piece solution. The first one-piece consumer camcorder, the Betamovie, came from Sony. A major requirement for a one-piece camcorder was miniaturizing the recording head drum, and Sony's solution to this involved a nonstandard video signal which would become standard only when played back on full-sized VCRs.

A side effect of this was that Beta camcorders were record-only: consumers saw this as a major limitation. VHS manufacturers found a better solution to drum miniaturization it involved four heads doing the work of two.

Because it used standard video signals, VHS camcorders could review footage in the camcorder and copy to another VCR for editing. This shifted the home movie advantage dramatically away from Betamax, and was a primary reason for the loss of Beta market share: owners of Beta VCRs found that a VHS camcorder would allow them to copy and edit footage to their Beta deck — something that Betamovie could not do. If rental movies were not available in Beta, they could rent them in VHS and use their camcorder to play them.

This used a miniaturized cassette to make a camcorder smaller and lighter than any Betamovie. Sony could not duplicate the functionality of VHS-C camcorders, and seeing the rapid loss of market share, eventually introduced the Video8 format. For more information, see the article on camcorders.

On November 10, , Sony announced that it would no longer be producing Betamax video cassettes. Third party manufacturers continue to make new cassettes. While these cassettes are designed for use with the Betacam format, the cassettes are interchangeable with traditional Betamax systems.

The VHS format's defeat of the Betamax format became a classic marketing case study. Sony's attempt to dictate an industry standard backfired when JVC made the tactical decision to forgo Sony's offer of Betamax in favor of developing its own technology. By , 40 companies made VHS format equipment in comparison with Beta's Sony finally conceded defeat in when it, too, began producing VHS recorders early models were made by Hitachi , though it still continued to produce Betamax recorders until From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Consumer-level analog video tape recording and cassette form factor standard. Main article: Betamovie. Video and DVD Industries.

British Film Institute. ISBN Retrieved 6 June Retrieved

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